On this date in 1894 Captain Alfred Dreyfus was convicted of treason by a French court-martial. He was sent to Devil's Island, a penitentiary off French Guiana. His conviction was later overturned, but he was retried and convicted again. Eventually he was cleared by the Court of Cassation and restored to active duty. He eventually was promoted to lieutenant colonel. Dreyfus died in 1935 and is buried in Montparnasse. The Dreyfus Affair divided France for decades.