Thursday, December 7, 2023

Certiorari reform

The Conference Report on the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2024 includes a long-overdue provision that would permit U.S. Supreme Court review of court-martial cases in which the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces has denied a petition for grant of review. The provision is § 533, which appears on pages 288-89 of the conference version of the bill. A brief explanation appears on unnumbered pages 2449-50 of the report.

"Plumbers, teachers, and a pastor"

Uganda again. Twenty-three civilians are among the 30 or 31 persons facing trial by court-martial at Makindye Barracks in connection with an alleged plot to overthrow the government. Details here.

Commonwealth Draft Docuement on Military Justice Principles

At a recent workshop in South Africa, an initial draft of the Commonwealth Military Justice Principles was prepared by judges, legal experts, academics, and military professionals.

The draft document resulted from a series of robust online discussions, culminating in two days of meetings at the Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study (STIAS) in the margins of the International Military Justice Forum.

At their meeting in November 2022, Commonwealth Law Ministers charted the agenda for a Commonwealth Military Justice Transformation Project. Now, this work is being carried forward by the Office of Civil and Criminal Justice Reform at the Commonwealth Secretariat.

The objective of the transformation project is to ensure alignment with international norms and standards in military justice systems across the Commonwealth. The drafting of the Commonwealth Military Justice Principles is at the heart of those aims.

The draft principles include harmonisation with international humanitarian and human rights law, guaranteeing the proper administration of justice through an independent and impartial judiciary that is free from interference and pressure from the other branches of government. The project also aims to guarantee due process of law and equal access to justice.

CAAFlog pop-up town hall

Short notice: at noon today, CAAFlog hold a pop-up town hall to discuss the Secretary of the Army's recent firing of Brig. Gen. Warren Wells, the service's lead special trial counsel. CAAFlog reports that it has arranged for lurking/anonymous participation in the zoom. Details here. Task & Purpose reports on the firing here.

State military justice

Wisconsin governor Tony Evers has signed into law several military justice related bills. From the desk of a member of the legislature:

Today, Governor Evers signed five bills championed by Rep. Kurtz into law.

Three of the bills, Senate Bills 166, 167 and 168, now 2023 Wisconsin Acts 47, 48, 49 are products of the Joint Legislative Study Committee on Wisconsin National Guard Sexual Misconduct Procedures that Rep. Kurtz chaired last summer. The federal National Guard Bureau completed an assessment of the Wisconsin National Guard (Guard) in 2019 that identified a number of concerns with how the Guard had handled allegations of sexual assault and sexual harassment. Under Adjutant General Paul Knapp’s leadership, the Guard has been diligently working to implement the recommendations contained in that assessment. The study committee identified a number of areas in which legislation will complement the Guard’s continuing efforts to ensure that the men and women who volunteer to serve our state and nation are able to do so in an environment that takes their safety seriously.

Act 47 makes a variety of changes to the Wisconsin Code of Military Justice. Some of the changes are fairly technical, but others include important substantive updates based on recent changes to the federal uniform code of military justice. For example, the bill draft creates new punitive articles within the state code to parallel articles added to the federal code, including an article addressing sexual harassment. It also modifies the state code’s article relating to sexual assault to align that offense with the same provision under the federal code. The bill addresses victims’ rights by requiring the Adjutant General to prescribe and implement a policy that ensures that victims of offenses under the code are treated with dignity, respect, courtesy, and fairness.

Act 48 requires the Adjutant General and the Department of Military Affairs to compile and submit certain reports annually. First, it requires the Adjutant General to annually submit a report that includes various information related to sexual assault and sexual harassment reported by members of the Guard. This report would not include any personal identifying information. Second, it requires the Department of Military Affairs to annually notify the Legislature of any recent changes to the punitive articles in the federal uniform code of military justice and make recommendations regarding whether the federal changes should be incorporated into the state code.

Act 49 simply requires the National Guard to establish and maintain a case management system that enables the Guard to manage and track all case-related information for cases of misconduct within the Guard. . . .