As amended last year, article 57 provides that military courts have jurisdiction over ordinary crimes, but that cases involving the violation of the rights of a civilian by the military must be brought in the civilian courts. Given the provision's new wording, its constitutionality and compliance with decisions of the IACHR is in dispute.
The majority decided that the Supreme Court should only analyze the obligations of the Judicial Power of the Federation in order to comply with the decision of the IACHR, but not to go beyond its powers. However, the Court has resolved to attract legal actions filed in the military courts against the constitutionality of the country’s military justice system.
The dissenting judges argued that the full court, in the exercise of its constitutional powers, should have decided whether last year's revision of article 57 complies with the IACHR's decision.
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