this article. Excerpt:
While India and Pakistan lock diplomatic horns over the conviction of a former Indian Navy officer, Commander Kulbushan Jadhav, by a Pakistani Field General Court Martial on charges of spying, the incident has also brought into focus the Pakistani military justice system.
Though the militaries of both countries share a common colonial past and have evolved from the same organisational structure, the system of imparting justice and post-trial remedial options are vastly different in both countries.
According to Army officers and legal experts familiar with the Pakistani military system, there may be little hope of Jadhav getting relief from the Pakistani establishment except for a presidential pardon.